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Glossary of Terms and Definitions - C
Vehicle Restoration Commonly Used Words and Phrases

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 
Car cover - Plastic sheeting that is placed over parts of the vehicle that will not be painted to protect your vehicle from overspray.
Cast - A variation of a color; example, a red shade blue
Cellulose - Natural polymer or resin from cottonseed oil to make paint coatings
Chalking - The result of weathering of a paint film resulting in a white powdery appearance.
Checking/Crowfoot - Tiny cracks or splitting in the surface of a paint film usually seen in a lacquer. Caused by improper film formation or excessive film build.
Chemical stain/Spotting - Circular, oblong or irregular spots or discoloration on areas of finish caused by reactive chemicals coming into contact with air pollution (coal and high sulfur emissions), acid rain and snow.
Color deficiency - A handicap in color vision, incapable of distinguishing or perceiving some colors or levels of any color.
Color match - Two colors exhibiting no perceptible difference when viewed under the same conditions.
Color retention - Two colors exhibiting no perceptible difference when viewed under the same conditions.
Color standard - A small sprayed-out sample of OEM color. This is the established requirement for a given color code. This is the color the car is supposed to be from the factory.
Color version - A color matched in a different quality finish, to match the same OEM standard; i.e., a color matched to an acrylic enamel in lacquer
Colorant - Made with ground pigments, solvent and resin. Used in the intermix system to produce colors.
Colorblind - A handicap in a personās color vision; incapable of distinguishing or perceiving certain colors or any color
Complementary colors - Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel
Compounding - See BUFFING
Concentration - The ratio of pigment in paint to resins in paint.
Coverage - The ability of a pigmented color to conceal or cover a surface
Cratering - The forming of holes in a film due to contamination.
Crazing - Fine line cracks in the surface of the paint finish; see CROWSFOOT.
Crosscoat - Applying paint in a crisscross pattern. Single coat applied in one direction with a second single coat applied at 90” to the first.
Crowsfoot - Tiny cracks in the surface of a paint film usually seen in a lacquer; also see CHECKING
Curdling - The gelling or partial cure of paint due to incompatible materials
Cure - The chemical reaction of a coating during the drying process, leaving it insoluble.
Curtains - Large sagging or runs of paint due to improper application
Cut-in - Painting of the edges of parts before installation.

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